General Education

Foundational courses required for every degree program

* With​ ​the​ ​approval​ ​of​ ​the​ ​advisor,​ ​certain​ ​courses​ ​under​ ​each​ ​component​ ​area​ ​may​ ​be substituted​ ​with​ ​an​ ​appropriate​ ​elective,​ ​directed​ ​study​ ​or​ ​other​ ​course.

This​ ​course​ ​introduces​ ​students​ ​to​ ​the​ ​form​ ​and​ ​content​ ​of​ ​communication,​ ​including:​ ​the linguistic,​ ​psychological,​ ​and​ ​cultural​ ​bases​ ​of​ ​communication;​ ​various​ ​types​ ​of communication​ ​ranging​ ​from​ ​basic​ ​speech​ ​acts​ ​to​ ​forms​ ​of​ ​persuasion​ ​and​ ​conflict​ ​resolution; the​ ​social​ ​and​ ​political​ ​significance​ ​of​ ​communication;​ ​and​ ​how​ ​communication​ ​operates within​ ​and​ ​across​ ​a​ ​wide​ ​range​ ​of​ ​social​ ​contacts.

This​ ​course​ ​focuses​ ​on​ ​the​ ​process​ ​of​ ​composing​ ​thesis-driven​ ​expository​ ​essays,​ ​which​ ​helps students​ ​develop​ ​an​ ​awareness​ ​of​ ​rhetorical​ ​situations​ ​and​ ​improves​ ​their​ ​ability​ ​to​ ​read, write,​ ​and​ ​think​ ​critically.​ ​By​ ​reading​ ​classic​ ​literature,​ ​contemporary​ ​essays,​ ​short​ ​fictions, and​ ​by​ ​reviewing​ ​the​ ​conventions​ ​of​ ​standard​ ​English,​ ​students​ ​will​ ​work​ ​to​ ​develop​ ​their writing​ ​skills.​ ​Students​ ​will​ ​illustrate​ ​the​ ​presence​ ​of​ ​effective​ ​analysis,​ ​structure,​ ​evidence (based​ ​on​ ​research,​ ​when​ ​appropriate),​ ​and​ ​standard​ ​conventions​ ​in​ ​the​ ​essays​ ​they​ ​produce for​ ​the​ ​course.

This​ ​course​ ​is​ ​structured​ ​to​ ​review​ ​and​ ​identify​ ​the​ ​ingredients​ ​of​ ​good​ ​reasoning​ ​and​ ​how​ ​to apply​ ​them​ ​in​ ​our​ ​daily​ ​and​ ​social​ ​activities.​ ​​ ​Current​ ​ecumenical,​ ​social,​ ​political,​ ​and environmental​ ​challenges​ ​will​ ​be​ ​analyzed​ ​and​ ​discussed.​ ​​ ​The​ ​course​ ​readings​ ​will​ ​help students​ ​focus​ ​on​ ​“knowing​ ​how”​ ​rather​ ​than​ ​“knowing​ ​that.”​ ​Students​ ​will​ ​​ ​understand​ ​how a​ ​logical​ ​thread​ ​runs​ ​and​ ​learn​ ​to​ ​connect​ ​philosophical​ ​reasoning​ ​and​ ​cultural​ ​beliefs.

This​ ​course​ ​introduces​ ​some​ ​of​ ​the​ ​basic​ ​concepts​ ​and​ ​ideas​ ​of​ ​physical​ ​science demonstrating​ ​how​ ​they​ ​are​ ​applicable​ ​to​ ​everyday​ ​processes​ ​and​ ​devices​ ​in​ ​the​ ​world. Students​ ​will​ ​learn​ ​the​ ​basis​ ​for​ ​various​ ​subjects​ ​within​ ​the​ ​physical​ ​sciences (thermodynamics,​ ​energy​ ​conservation,​ ​electricity,​ ​matter​ ​and​ ​atoms)​ ​and​ ​how​ ​to​ ​solve simple​ ​problems​ ​within​ ​these​ ​subjects.​ ​This​ ​course​ ​specifically​ ​focuses​ ​on​ ​unifying​ ​the scientific​ ​concept​ ​of​ ​energy,​ ​including​ ​where​ ​it​ ​resides,​ ​and​ ​how​ ​it​ ​is​ ​transferred.​ ​The​ ​subjects discussed​ ​will​ ​require​ ​some​ ​mathematics​ ​(algebra​ ​and​ ​graphing);​ ​however,​ ​the​ ​focus​ ​will​ ​be on​ ​conceptual​ ​understanding

This​ ​course​ ​provides​ ​an​ ​overview​ ​of​ ​biology​ ​and​ ​how​ ​it​ ​applies​ ​to​ ​everyday​ ​life.​ ​Topics covered​ ​include​ ​cell​ ​structure​ ​and​ ​function,​ ​scientific​ ​method,​ ​evolution,​ ​genetics,​ ​ecology, molecular​ ​biology,​ ​and​ ​other​ ​areas.

As​ ​a​ ​survey​ ​course,​ ​the​ ​content​ ​will​ ​provide​ ​students​ ​a​ ​foundation​ ​in​ ​basic​ ​Earth​ ​Science. Concepts​ ​covered​ ​include​ ​rocks,​ ​minerals,​ ​plate​ ​tectonics,​ ​water​ ​cycle,​ ​geology,​ ​geologic time,​ ​Oceanography,​ ​astronomy,​ ​and​ ​political​ ​aspects​ ​of​ ​Earth​ ​Science.​ ​The​ ​main​ ​goal​ ​of​ ​this course​ ​is​ ​for​ ​students​ ​to​ ​gain​ ​an​ ​understanding​ ​and​ ​appreciation​ ​of​ ​the​ ​dynamic​ ​processes and​ ​inter-related​ ​systems​ ​that​ ​exist​ ​within​ ​Earth​ ​Science.

This​ ​course​ ​introduces​ ​students​ ​to​ ​many​ ​of​ ​the​ ​basic​ ​qualitative​ ​models​ ​and​ ​principles​ ​in chemistry.​ ​The​ ​areas​ ​covered​ ​include:​ ​basic​ ​nuclear​ ​and​ ​atomic​ ​structure,​ ​the​ ​Periodic​ ​Table, covalent​ ​and​ ​ionic​ ​bonding,​ ​and​ ​states​ ​of​ ​matter,​ ​intermolecular​ ​forces,​ ​energy​ ​changes, chemical​ ​equilibrium,​ ​acid-base​ ​chemistry,​ ​stoichiometry,​ ​properties​ ​of​ ​gases,​ ​and​ ​chemical properties​ ​of​ ​the​ ​common​ ​elements.​ ​The​ ​laboratory​ ​experiments​ ​and​ ​projects​ ​are​ ​designed to​ ​complement​ ​lecture​ ​material​ ​and​ ​provide​ ​real-life​ ​applications​ ​of​ ​chemistry​ ​in​ ​society.

This​ ​course​ ​is​ ​designed​ ​to​ ​satisfy​ ​the​ ​mathematics​ ​requirement​ ​for​ ​students​ ​in​ ​non-science fields.​ ​Course​ ​content​ ​includes​ ​units​ ​on​ ​sets,​ ​logic,​ ​numeration​ ​and​ ​mathematical​ ​systems, whole​ ​numbers,​ ​integers,​ ​rational​ ​numbers,​ ​irrational​ ​numbers,​ ​and​ ​elements​ ​of​ ​number theory.

This​ ​course​ ​introduces​ ​students​ ​to​ ​four​ ​elements​ ​of​ ​cinema:​ ​categories​ ​of​ ​film​ ​(i.e.,​ ​genre, foreign,​ ​silent,​ ​mainstream,​ ​abstract),​ ​organizing​ ​structures​ ​of​ ​film​ ​(i.e.,​ ​narration, composition,​ ​sound,​ ​editing,​ ​dramatization),​ ​theories​ ​used​ ​to​ ​“read”​ ​films​ ​(i.e.,​ ​psychoanalysis, semiotics,​ ​cultural​ ​studies),​ ​and​ ​production​ ​issues​ ​(i.e.,​ ​storyboarding,​ ​shooting,​ ​lighting, editing,​ ​sound​ ​mixing).​ ​Students​ ​will​ ​also​ ​be​ ​required​ ​to​ ​produce​ ​a​ ​short​ ​video​ ​for​ ​the​ ​course.

Music​ ​120​ ​is​ ​a​ ​comparative​ ​study​ ​of​ ​various​ ​musical​ ​styles​ ​and​ ​cultures.​ ​Emphasis​ ​will​ ​be​ ​on basic​ ​music​ ​materials,​ ​how​ ​music​ ​is​ ​constructed​ ​and​ ​performed,​ ​as​ ​well​ ​as​ ​​ ​the​ ​social​ ​and cultural​ ​milieu​ ​in​ ​which​ ​music​ ​is​ ​created.​ ​This​ ​includes​ ​concert,​ ​folk,​ ​and​ ​popular​ ​music​ ​from Western​ ​Europe,​ ​America,​ ​Indonesia,​ ​North​ ​India,​ ​Japan,​ ​and​ ​West​ ​Africa,​ ​among​ ​others. Through​ ​listening​ ​and​ ​analysis,​ ​students​ ​will​ ​learn​ ​the​ ​fundamentals​ ​of​ ​music​ ​and​ ​search​ ​for the​ ​relationships​ ​and​ ​commonalities​ ​among​ ​musical​ ​cultures.

This​ ​course​ ​offers​ ​students​ ​a​ ​broad​ ​survey​ ​of​ ​the​ ​basic​ ​components​ ​of​ ​theatre,​ ​in​ ​which students​ ​will​ ​study​ ​theatre​ ​from​ ​a​ ​number​ ​of​ ​different​ ​perspectives.​ ​Students​ ​will​ ​examine plays,​ ​the​ ​history​ ​of​ ​theatre​ ​as​ ​an​ ​art,​ ​acting,​ ​technical​ ​theatre,​ ​theatre’s​ ​impact​ ​on​ ​society, and​ ​important​ ​practitioners​ ​in​ ​the​ ​field.

This​ ​course​ ​surveys​ ​the​ ​history​ ​of​ ​the​ ​world​ ​from​ ​the​ ​early​ ​river-valley​ ​civilization​ ​to​ ​1500. Emphasis​ ​on​ ​Afro-Eurasia​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Americas,​ ​subject​ ​matter​ ​includes​ ​politics,​ ​society,​ ​religion and​ ​global​ ​interactions.

This​ ​course​ ​covers​ ​world​ ​history​ ​from​ ​1500​ ​to​ ​the​ ​present​ ​and​ ​introduces​ ​students​ ​to historical​ ​ways​ ​of​ ​thinking.​ ​As​ ​a​ ​course​ ​introducing​ ​the​ ​humanities​ ​to​ ​students,​ ​it​ ​also​ ​reveals different​ ​manifestations​ ​of​ ​the​ ​human​ ​intelligence​ ​and​ ​imagination​ ​as​ ​expressed​ ​in​ ​various places​ ​and​ ​times.​ ​This​ ​course​ ​proceeds​ ​thematically​ ​and​ ​introduces​ ​students​ ​to​ ​major questions​ ​as​ ​well​ ​as​ ​changes​ ​in​ ​the​ ​past.​ ​Instead​ ​of​ ​focusing​ ​only​ ​on​ ​what​ ​has​ ​happened​ ​in human​ ​history,​ ​students​ ​will​ ​learn​ ​to​ ​think​ ​about​ ​why​ ​and​ ​how​ ​things​ ​happen.

This​ ​course​ ​is​ ​designed​ ​to​ ​help​ ​broaden​ ​students’​ ​understanding​ ​of​ ​the​ ​historical​ ​process​ ​andthe​ ​situation​ ​within​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States​ ​today.​ ​The​ ​course​ ​deals​ ​with​ ​the​ ​social​ ​and​ ​politicalevents​ ​underlying​ ​and​ ​creating​ ​the​ ​changes​ ​taking​ ​place​ ​in​ ​the​ ​U.S.​ ​Students​ ​will​ ​attempt​ ​tounderstand​ ​the​ ​major​ ​events​ ​of​ ​the​ ​past​ ​through​ ​a​ ​variety​ ​of​ ​social-economic​ ​vantage​ ​points.

This​ ​course​ ​is​ ​a​ ​survey​ ​of​ ​the​ ​developmental​ ​changes​ ​and​ ​the​ ​historical​ ​interpretation​ ​of institutions​ ​and​ ​societies​ ​in​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States​ ​from​ ​the​ ​end​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Reconstruction​ ​era​ ​to​ ​the present.​ ​This​ ​course​ ​pays​ ​special​ ​attention​ ​to​ ​the​ ​interplay​ ​among​ ​races,​ ​cultural​ ​diversity, and​ ​conflict.​ ​Some​ ​of​ ​the​ ​themes​ ​include​ ​immigration,​ ​politics​ ​of​ ​constitutional​ ​development, economics,​ ​religion,​ ​reform,​ ​the​ ​growth​ ​of​ ​the​ ​U.S​ ​as​ ​a​ ​world​ ​power,​ ​the​ ​status​ ​of​ ​women​ ​in society,​ ​westward​ ​expansion,​ ​and​ ​urbanization.

This​ ​is​ ​a​ ​survey​ ​course​ ​designed​ ​to​ ​introduce​ ​students​ ​to​ ​the​ ​processes​ ​and​ ​results​ ​of​ ​the scientific​ ​psychological​ ​study​ ​of​ ​behavior.

This​ ​course​ ​provides​ ​a​ ​broad​ ​overview​ ​of​ ​sociology​ ​and​ ​how​ ​it​ ​applies​ ​to​ ​everyday​ ​life.​ ​Major theoretical​ ​perspectives​ ​and​ ​concepts​ ​are​ ​presented,​ ​including​ ​sociological​ ​imagination, culture,​ ​deviance,​ ​inequality,​ ​social​ ​change,​ ​and​ ​social​ ​structure.​ ​Students​ ​will​ ​also​ ​explore the​ ​influence​ ​of​ ​social​ ​class​ ​and​ ​social​ ​institutions,​ ​such​ ​as​ ​churches,​ ​education,​ ​healthcare, government,​ ​economy,​ ​and​ ​environment.​ ​Students​ ​will​ ​also​ ​examine​ ​the​ ​social​ ​structure​ ​of what​ ​it​ ​means​ ​to​ ​be​ ​a​ ​family.

This​ ​course​ ​introduces​ ​students​ ​to​ ​the​ ​economics​ ​perspective.​ ​This​ ​powerful​ ​mode​ ​of analysis​ ​can​ ​be​ ​used​ ​to​ ​gain​ ​understanding​ ​of​ ​many​ ​phenomena,​ ​some​ ​of​ ​which​ ​may​ ​not​ ​be conventionally​ ​economic​ ​in​ ​nature;​ ​the​ ​domain​ ​of​ ​economic​ ​analysis​ ​can​ ​extend​ ​beyond traditional​ ​economical​ ​phenomena.​ ​This​ ​course​ ​largely​ ​focuses​ ​on​ ​the​ ​macro​ ​economy,​ ​i.e. the​ ​performance​ ​of​ ​the​ ​economy​ ​as​ ​a​ ​whole,​ ​by​ ​examining​ ​the​ ​economic​ ​actors​ ​(businesses, government,​ ​households)​ ​and​ ​their​ ​interactions​ ​within​ ​the​ ​various​ ​economic​ ​institutions (private​ ​and​ ​public​ ​sectors).

An​ ​introduction​ ​to​ ​descriptive​ ​and​ ​inferential​ ​statistics.​ ​The​ ​course​ ​will​ ​cover​ ​organization and​ ​presentation​ ​of​ ​data,​ ​averages​ ​and​ ​variations,​ ​elementary​ ​probability,​ ​random​ ​variables, special​ ​discrete​ ​distributions,​ ​normal​ ​distributions,​ ​sampling​ ​distributions,​ ​point​ ​estimation, confidence​ ​intervals,​ ​and​ ​hypothesis​ ​testing.